Oral and Jaw Pathology
There are many pathological conditions that affect the hard and soft tissues of the oral cavity. This can range from soft tissue swellings, ulcers or white patches on the lips, cheeks, tongue and gums, to bony swellings, cysts or tumours in the jaw bones or even oral cancer. As such, it is recommended for one to have regular dental-checkups to assess if any of these conditions are present. If you suspect that you have something abnormal in your mouth, it is advisable to have it investigated by a specialist.
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Depending on the type of lesion, these pathology may grow in size and lead to the following signs:
- Numbness or facial weakness
- Swelling in the jaw bone
- Loose teeth
- Pathologic jaw fracture
- A thorough history and clinical examination including x-rays or CT scans are performed
- In certain cases, an incisional biopsy of the pathology or lesion for histopathology may be required
- From the clinical presentation or histopathological diagnosis, the mode of treatment can be determined